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the kneelsit GLOSSARY Pg.10
medical and general terms relating to
posture, sitting, musculoskeletal and back problems
ABBREVIATIONS:- Gr.= Greek; L.= Latin; Fr.= French; Ger = German; NA =
occupational to osteocyte osteodentin to ostitis
osteodentin. Dentin that forms very rapidly or in response
to severe trauma so that cells and blood vessels are incorporated,
osteodermia (os"te-o-der'me-a) [" + derma, skin]. The formation of bony deposits in the skin.
osteodesmosis (os"te-o-des-mo'sis) [" + desmos, tendon, + osis, condition]. Transformation of tendon into bone.
osteodiastasis (os"te-o-di-as'ta-sis) [" + diastasis, separation]. Separation of two adjacent bones.
osteodynia (os"te-o-din'e-a) [" + odyne, pain]. Persistent pain in a bone. SYN: ostealgia.
osteodystrophia (os"te-o-dis-tro'fe-a) (" + dys, ill, + trophe, nourishment]. Defective bone development. SYN: osteodystrophy.
osteodystrophy (os"te-o-dis'tro-fe). Defective bone development.
o., renal. Generalized pathological changes in bone with
resemblance to osteitis fibrosa cystica, osteomalacia, and
osteoporosis. These changes are associated with renal failure. The
serum phosphorus is elevated, calcium is low or normal, and there is
increased parathyroid gland activity.
osteoectomy (os"te-o-ek'to-me) [" + ektome, excision]. Ostectomy,
osteoepiphysis (os"te-o-e-pif'is-is) [" + epi, upon, +
physis, growth]. A small piece of bone that is separated in childhood
from the larger bone by cartilage; during later growth, the two bones
osteofibroma (os"te-o-fi-bro'ma) [" + L. fibra, fiber, + Gr. oma, tumor]. Tumor of bony and fibrous tissues. SYN: fibro-osteoma.
osteogen (os'te-o-jen) [" + gennan, to produce]. Substance of the inner periosteal layer from which bone is formed.
osteogenesis, osteogeny (os"te-o-jen'esis, -oj'e-ne).
Formation and development of bone taking place in connective tissue or
in cartilage. SYN: ossification.
o. imperfecta. An inherited disorder of connective tissue
characterized by defective bone matrix with calcification occurring
normally on whatever matrix is present. Clinical findings are multiple
fractures with minimal trauma, blue sclerae, early deafness, opalescent
teeth, tendency to capillary bleeding, translucent skin, and joint
instability. Although the disease is heterogeneous, two different
classifications of osteogenesis imperfecta are still used for clinical
distinction: osteogenesis imperfecta congenita with early fractures
occurring even in utero; and osteogenesis imperfecta tarda with delayed
onset of fracturing and much milder manifestations. Healing of bone
fractures progresses normally. Later in life, the tendency to fracture
decreases and often disappears.-The vast majority of cases are
inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, although a small percentage
of congenital cases are transmitted as an autosomal recessive. There is
no known cure for osteogenesis imperfecta; therefore, treatment is
supportive and palliative.
osteogenic. Pert. to osteogenesis.
osteography (os"te-og'raf-e) [Gr. osteon, bone, + graphein, to write]. Descriptive treatise on the bones.
osteohalisteresis (os"te-o-hal-is"ter-e'sis) [" + hals,
salt, + sterein, to deprive]. Softening of the bones, caused by
deficiency of mineral constituents of the bone.
(os'te-oyd) [" + eidos, form, shape]. 1. Resembling bone; ossiform. 2. The noncalcified matrix of bone. Also called prebone.
osteolipochondroma (os"te-o-li-po"kondro'ma) [" + lipos, fat, + chondros, cartilage, + oma, tumor]. A chondroma containing fatty and bony tissue.
osteologist (os"te-ol'o-jist) [" + logos, word, reason]. A specialist in the study of bone.
osteology (os-te-o1o'-je) [" + logos, word, reason]. The science of structure and function of bones.
osteolysis (os"te-ol'i-sis) [" + lysis, dissolution]. A
softening and destruction of bone without osteoclastic activity; it
occurs within compact bone and results from a breakdown of the organic
matrix and subsequent leaching out of the inorganic fraction, probably
caused by localized metabolic disturbances, vascular changes, or
release of hydrolytic enzymes by osteocytes.
osteolytic (os"te-o-lit'ik). Causing osteolysis.
osteoma (os-te-o'ma) [" + oma, tumor]. (pl. osteomata,
osteomas) A benign bony tumor; a bonelike structure that develops on a
bone or, occasionally, at other sites. SYN: exostosis; osteoncus.
o., cancellous. A soft and spongy tumor. Its thin and
delicate trabeculae enclose large medullary spaces similar to
o., cavalryman's. Bony outgrowth of femur at the insertion of the adductor femoris longus.
o. cutis. Benign formation of bone nodules in the skin.
o. medullare. Osteoma containing medullary spaces.
o., osteoid. A rare benign tumor of bone composed of
sheets of osteoid tissue partially calcified and ossified. Occurs esp.
in extremities of young.
o. spongiosum. Spongy tumor in the bone. SYN: osteospongioma.
osteomalacia (os"te-o-mal-a'she-a) [Gr. osteon, bone, +
malakia, softening]. A disease marked by increasing softness of the
bones, so that they become flexible and brittle, thus causing
deformities. Osteomalacia is the adult form of rickets, SYM: Rheumatic
pains in the limbs, spine, thorax, and esp. the pelvis; anemia and
signs of deficiency disease; progressive weakness. ETIOL: Deficiency or
loss of calcium salts due to vitamin D deficiency. TREAT: If the diet
contains an adequate amount of calcium and phosphorus, a daily dose of
1600 IU of vitamin D for about a month will cause great improvement.
The dose can then be gradually decreased to the normal daily
requirement for vitamin D.
osteomalacic (os"te-o-mal-a'sik) [" + malakia, softening]. Concerning or characterized by softening of the bone.
osteomatoid (os-te-o'ma-toyd) [" + oma, tumor, + eidos, form, shape]. Resembling a bonelike tumor.
osteomatosis (os"te-o"ma-to'sis) [" + " + osis, condition]. Formation of multiple osteomas.
osteomere (os'te-o-mer) [" + meros, part]. One in a series of similar bony segments, as the vertebrae.
osteometry (os-te-om'et-re) [" + metron, measure]. The study of the measurement of parts of the skeletal system.
osteomyelitis (os"te-o-mi"el-i'tis) [" + myelos, marrow, +
itis, inflammation]. Inflammation of bone, esp. the marrow, caused by a
pathogenic organism. SYM: Pain in the affected part, fever, sweats,
leukocytosis, overlying muscles usually rigid, skin inflamed, pain on
pressure over affected part. Suppuration may occur. TREAT: Prompt and
adequate doses of antibiotics; sedation for pain and anxiety;
aspiration of abscess; immobilization of affected extremity; surgery if
abscess persists. osteomyelodysplasia (os-te-o-mi-e-lo-displas-ae-a) [
+ + dys, bad, + plossein, to form]. Condition in which the marrow space
of the bones is increased, the bony tissue becomes thin, and there are
leukopenia and fever.
osteon (os'te-on) [Gr., bone]. The microscopic bone unit
of compact bone, consisting of the haversian canals and the surrounding
osteoncus (os-te-ong'kus) [" + onkos bulk, mass]. A bone tumor. SYN: exostosa
osteonecrosis (os"te-o-ne-kro'sis) [" - nekrosis, state of death]. Generalized death of bone tissue rather than isolated areas of necrosis.
osteonectin. A glycoprotein present in the noncollagenous portion of the matrix of bone.
osteoneuralgia (os"te-o-nu-ral'je-a) [" - neuron, nerve, + algos, pain]. Pain of the bone.
osteopath (os'te-o-path) [" + pathos, disease]. A practitioner of osteopathy.
osteopathic (os"te-o-path'ik). Concerning osteopathy.
osteopathology (os"te-o-path-o1'o-je) [ + pathos, disease,
+ logos, word, reason]. 1. Any bone disease. SYN: osteopathy (def. 1.)
2. Study of bone diseases.
osteopathy (os-te-op'a-the) ["+ pathos disease,
suffering]. 1. Any bone disease. 2. A system of medicine based upon the
theory. that the normal body is a vital mechanic a. organism in which
structural and functions. states are of equal importance and that the
body is able to rectify itself against toxic conditions when it has
favorable environmental circumstances and satisfactory nourishment.
Therefore, it is the osteopathic physician's responsibility to remove
any internal or external abnormalities of the system. Although using
manipulation for the most part to restore structural and functional
balance, osteopaths also rely upon physical, medicinal, and surgical
methods. Osteopathy, which was founded by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still
(1828-1917), is recognized as a standard method or system of medical
and surgical care.
osteopecilia (os"te-o-pe-sil'e-a) [" + poikilia, spottedness]. Osteosclerosis fragilis generalisata.
osteopedion (os"te-o-pe'de-on) [" + paidion, child]. A calcified or hardened fetus. SYN: lithopedion; ostembryon.
osteopenia (os"te-o-pe'ne-a) [" + penia. lack]. 1.
Condition of diminished amount of bone tissue, without respect to
cause. 2. Decreased bone density caused by failure of rate of osteoid
tissue synthesis to keep up with the normal rate of bone lysis. SEE:
osteoseptum (os"te-o-sep'tum) [" + L. septum, a partition]. The bony area of the nasal septum.
osteosis (os"te-o'sis) [" + osis, condition]. Presence of bone-containing nodules in the skin.
o. cutis. Diffuse thickening of skin and subcutaneous tissue.
osteospongioma (os"te-o-spon"je-o'ma) [" + spongos, sponge, + oma, tumor]. A spongy neoplasm of bone. SYN: osteoma spongiosum.
osteosteatoma (os"te-o-ste"a-to'ma) [" + stear, fat, + oma, tumor]. A benign fatty tumor with bony elements.
osteostixis (os"te-o-stik'sis) [" + stixis, a puncture]. Therapeutic diagnostic puncture of a bone.
osteosuture (os"te-o-su'chur) (" + L. sutura, a stitch]. Suture or wiring of bone fragments. SYN: osteorrhaphy.
osteosynovitis (os"te-o-sin"o-vi'tis) [" + syn, with, +
oon, egg, + itis, inflammation]. Inflammation of a synovial membrane
and the surrounding bones.
osteosynthesis (os"te-o-sin'the-sis) [" + synthesis, a
joining]. Surgical fastening of the ends of a fractured bone by
osteotabes (os"te-o-ta'bez) [ + L. tabes, wasting]. Atrophy of the bone
in infants, beginning with wasting of the marrow and gradually
including the rest of the bone.
osteotelangiectasia (os"te-o-tel-an"je-ekta'ze-a) [" +
telos, end, + angeion, vessel, + ektasis, a stretching]. Sarcomatous
tumor of the bone containing dilated blood vessels.
osteothrombosis (os"te-o-throm-bo'sis) [" + thrombosis, a clotting]. Clot formation in the veins of a bone.
osteotome (os'te-o-tom) [" + tome, incision]. A chisel bevelled on both sides for cutting through bones.
osteotomoclasis (os"te-o-to-mok'la-sis) [Gr. osteon, bone,
+ tomos, section, + klasis, breaking]. Correction of a pathologically
curved bone by bending it after a wedge has been chiseled out of it by
use of an osteotome.
osteotomy (os-te-ot'o-me) [" + tome, incision]. The operation for
cutting through a bone.
o., cuneiform. The excision of a wedge of bone.
o., linear. Lengthwise division of a bone.
o., Macewen"s. Supracondylar section of the femur for correction of knock-knee.
o., Subtrochanteric. Division of shaft of femur below lesser trochanter to correct ankylosis of hip joint.
o., transtrochanteric. Section of the femur through the lesser trochanter for deformity about the hip joint.
osteotribe (os'te-o-trib") [" + tribein, to rub]. A bone rasp
osteotrite (os'te-o-trit) [" + tribein, to grind or rub]. Instrument used to scrape away diseased bone.
osteotrophy (os-te-ot'ro-fe) [" + trophe, nutrition]. Bone nutrition.
osteotylus (os"te-oti-1us) [" + tylos, callus]. The callus
around the ends of bones that have been fractured. osteotympanic
ostial (os'te-al) [L. ostium, a little opening]. Concerning an orifice.
ostitis (os-ti tis) [" + itis, inflammation]. Inflammation of a bone. SYN: osteitis.